|Tsar Nicholas II|
On the Sunday, January 9, striking workers and their families gathered at six points in the city of St. Petersburg in Russia. They were organised and led by Father Gapon. Holding religious icons and singing hymns and patriotic songs (particularly "God Save the Tsar!"), a crowd of "more than 300,000"proceeded without police interference towards the Winter Palace, the Tsar's official residence. The army pickets near the palace released warning shots, and then fired directly into the crowds to disperse them. Gapon was fired upon near the Narva Gate. Around forty people surrounding him were killed, but he was not injured.Although the Tsar was not at the Winter Palace, he received the blame for the deaths, resulting in a surge of bitterness towards himself and his autocratic rule from the Russian people.
to inflame revolutionary activities in Russia and contributed to the Revolution of 1905. The writer Leo Tolstoy was also emotionally affected by the incident.